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Jerusalem and Its Environs

Quarters, Neighborhoods, Villages, 1800-1948

Ruth Kark
Michal Oren-Nordheim

History, Israel and Middle East, Jewish Studies

Published: August 2001
ISBN: 9780814329092
Pages: 444 Size: 6x9
Illustrations: 67

This is an illustrated account of the urban
and rural development of Jerusalem from
the early 19th century when Ottoman
Jerusalem was encompassed by its sixteenth
century walls, and was divided into quarters
and courtyard units of its various religious
and ethnic groupings, to the end of the
Mandate period in the mid 20th century. The
seeds of the current situation in Jerusalem
were sown at that time. It traces the city's
interaction with its rural hinterland until the
establishment of the State of Israel in 1948
when Jerusalem was divided into two—the
Jewish quarter of the Old City and some
Jewish neighborhoods and villages were
occupied by Arabs, while Jews occupied a
number of Arab neighborhoods and villages.
The book reconstructs and analyzes processes of establishing a variety of new types of Arab Muslim and Christian, Jewish and European Christian neighborhoods—built
as community housing, extended family neighborhoods, commercial neighborhoods,
and laborers' and garden suburbs. It covers
the construction of institutional complexes,
the introduction of significant changes in
Jerusalem's administration, the creation of
new planning frameworks, the planning of
new settlements around the city, the concentration of large tracts of agricultural land by Jerusalem's Arab effendis, and the development of the Arab and Jewish villages in the rural hinterland.

Published by: Magnes Press

Ruth Kark, Professor at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, has authored and edited numerous books and articles—the fruit of her research on the historical, cultural, and settlement geography of Palestine and the State of Israel in the 19th and 20th centuries. Among these works are: The History of Pioneering Settlement in the Negev, 1880-1948: Jaffa, A City in Evolution, 1799-1917: Sephardi Entrepreneurs in Eretz-Israel: The Amzalak Family, 1816-1918 (with Joseph Glass); Redemption of the Land of Israel:
Ideology and Practice; Studies in the Geography of Israel; Jerusalem Neighborhoods: Planning and By-Laws, 1855-1930; Yehoshua Hankin: Middleman and Redeemer (with Irit Amit); American Consuls in the Holy Land, 1832-1914; The Land That Became Israel: Studies in Historical Geography; Love, War and Peace in Jerusalem: The Story of the American Colony
(with Helga Dudman).

Michal Oren-Nordheim is a Lecturer in the
Department of The Land of Israel Studies at
Haifa University and teaches at the Avshalom Institute for Israel Studies in Tel Aviv. Dr. Oren-Nordheim's research has focused on the Mandatory period in Palestine and the years following the establishment of the State of Israel. She has published a number of articles in journals on subjects dealing with land policy and settlement forms in the Jewish and Arab sectors. She has considerable experience in leading study tours in Jerusalem and the surrounding region for the Hebrew University, the Yad Izhak Ben-Zvi Institute, and other educational bodies.