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The Fall and Recapture of Detroit in the War of 1812

In Defense of William Hull

Anthony J. Yanik

Award Winner

American History, Canadian Studies, Detroit, Military History

Great Lakes Books Series

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Hardback
Published: September 2011
ISBN: 9780814335987
Pages: 232 Size: 6x9
Illustrations: 15 black and white images
eBOOK
Published: September 2011
ISBN: 9780814335956
Review

…Yanik presents his argument forcefully and with great effect, presenting an excellent popular account of this sad moment in Michigan history.

— Richard V. Barbuto

The focus of the opening campaign of the War of 1812 was Detroit, a location the War Department considered one of the significant launching points for the invasion of Canada. Detroit’s surrender only two months after the declaration of war shocked the nation and led to the court-martial of Brigadier General William Hull. Hull was sentenced to death—the only commanding general ever to receive such a sentence in U.S. military history—and has been vilified by many historians to the present day for his decision to surrender. In The Fall and Recapture of Detroit in the War of 1812: In Defense of William Hull, author Anthony J. Yanik reconsiders Hull’s abrupt surrender and the general’s defense that the decision was based on sound humanitarian grounds.

Yanik begins by tracing the political roots of the War of 1812 and giving readers an idea of what life was like in the tiny frontier settlement of Detroit in the years leading up to the war. He moves on to Hull’s appointment as brigadier general and the assembly of the North Western Army in the summer of 1812, culminating in their arduous journey to Detroit and botched invasion of Canada. Yanik then details Hull’s surrender and its repercussions for Detroit, including life under British rule and the eventual recapture of Detroit by American forces. Yanik also probes the general’s court-martial for cowardice in 1814, arguing that a close examination of the testimony of the witnesses, an analysis of Hull’s defense, and a review of the actual events themselves raise many questions about the credibility of the verdict that was issued.

Including a chronology of Hull’s Detroit campaign and appendixes with historical writings and speeches from the officials involved in the war effort, The Fall and Recapture of Detroit in the War of 1812 will be enjoyable reading for military and local historians, just in time for the upcoming bicentennial anniversary of the War of 1812.

Anthony Yanik is a General Motors retiree with a background in speech writing, among other assignments. His previous book, Maxwell Motor and the Making of Chrysler Corporation (Wayne State University Press, 2009) received the Michigan Historical Society’s prestigious State History Award. He is also the author of The E-M-F Company: The Story of Automotive Pioneers Barney Everitt, William Metzger, and Walter Flanders and editor of The Birth of Chrysler Corporation and Its Engineering Legacy.

Yanik presents his argument forcefully and with great effect, presenting an excellent popular account of this sad moment in Michigan history.

– Richard V. Barbuto, Michigan Historical Review

Yanik argues that Hull was the convenient scapegoat for this disaster, and there is little doubt that this was the case. Yanik makes a convincing argument on Hull's behalf. The Fall and Recapture of Detroit will be of value to those interested in ascertaining the truth in the events leading up to the the surrender of Detroit.

– Gregory M. Miller, Northwestern Ohio History

Yanik provides a detailed account of Brigadier General William Hull's disastrous 1812 campaign that resulted in the surrender of Detroit and the loss of the North Western Army to the British. The subject is of considerable relevance and importance to the study of the War of 1812 in Michigan and the Old Northwest, particularly given the imminent observance of the bicentennial of the conflict."

– Brian Leigh Dunnigan, author of Frontier Metropolis: Picturing Early Detroit, 1701-1838 (Wayne State University Press, 2001) and A Picturesque Situation: Mackinac Before Photography, 1615-1860 (Wayne State University Press, 2008)<br /><br />

The Fall and Recapture of Detroit in the War of 1812 expands upon the argument that General Hull was wrongly tried and explores the difficulties he faced in the summer of 1812. Yanik's book is very readable and will find interest in the popular market."

– John R. Grodzinski, assistant professor of history at the Royal Military College of Canada

  • 2012 State History Award - Result: Winner